In Philately, a Cover is an Envelope or package, typically with stamps that have been cancelled.

The term originates from the practice of covering a letter by folding a separate sheet about it to physically protect and prevent infringement of confidentiality. … Continue reading

Duplex Cancel

Cancel made up of 2 parts: postmark that contains name of post office and date of mailing; plus another cancel that prevents reuse of stamp or card.

Duplex Cancel


An Entire is a folded piece of paper that is folded in upon itself so enabling a seal to be affixed on reverse – predecessor to Envelopes.

Entire - part 1 Entire - part 1


An envelope is a packaging product, usually made of flat, planar material such as paper or cardboard, and designed to contain a flat object, which in a postal-service context is usually a letter, card or bills.  The traditional type is made from a sheet of paper cut to one of three shapes: the rhombus (also referred to as a lozenge or diamond), the short-arm cross, and the kite. … Continue reading


Ephemera is transitory written and printed matter, not intended to be retained or preserved.  The word derives from the Greek, meaning things lasting no more than a day.  Some collectible ephemera are advertising trade cards, airsickness bags, baseball cards, bookmarks, cigarette cards, greeting cards, letters, pamphlets, photographs, postcards, posters, stock certificates, tickets, and zines. … Continue reading

First Day Cover

A first day Cover (FDC) is an Envelope where the postage stamps have been cancelled on their First Day of Issue (FDI).  Depending on the policy of the nation issuing the stamp, official first day Postmarks may sometimes be applied to Covers weeks or months after the date indicated.… Continue reading


An Envelope with stamps to a specific rate OR with a machine produced label OR cancelled by a post office machine.



History or Postal History is the study of postal markings, rates and routes, or anything to do with the history of the posts.

Postal History


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Not separated by rows of perforations.  Separation is the means by which individual stamps are made easily detachable from each other.

In the early years, from 1840 to the 1850s, all stamps were imperforate, and had to be cut from the sheet with scissors or knife. … Continue reading